211. Paper Portfolio
1 piece Cover paper or press board 6"x9"
1 piece Stay tape 9" long
Scissors, pencil, rule
a. Lay out cover paper 6"x8", and cut to size Measure from lower corner and mark each edge of paper, connect marks, cut to line. b. Fold left to right c. Stick stay tape over fold and cut ends even with top and bottom of portfolio
NOTE This may be used for carrying folded letter paper, or clippings, or school work. It is a convenient size for the pocket. By making the folder from 9" square stock, it will be 4 1/2"x9", suitable for carrying a large variety of folded papers. It may seem desirable to make both sizes.
212. Paper Portfolio with Laps
1 piece Heavy cover paper
1 piece Stay tape 19" long
Rule, pencil, scissors
a. Lay out three 4 inch measurements across top and bottom of 9"x12" cover paper, and connect these with straight lines b. Set off 1 inch measurements from each corner, and connect across corners as shown in drawing c. Cut off corners d. Fold right edge nearly to first line e. Fold left edge nearly to this crease f. Unfold and stick pieces of stay tape over creases along the back of portfolio
NOTE This is to be used for the same purpose as number 211 but has the advantage that it holds papers more securely.
213. Book of Designs
3 pieces Gray cover paper 6"x9'
1 piece While book paper 9"x12" 18"
Coarse linen thread
Paste Scissors, rule,, pencil, needle
a. Lay out each piece of cover paper 8 inches up from bottom edge and cut to 6nx8n b. Fold left to right and place two pieces inside of third, which will serve as cover c. Sew down a little distance below center,, up a little distance above center, down near top, up thru second hole:, down thru first hole, up near bottom d. Tie square knot at first hole
NOTE Cut units of design suitable for borders or "all over" repeat patterns from white paper and paste in the book when complete. Front cover of book rnay have a small unit of design mounted just above the center, or pupil may print DESIGN on the cover, or a printed label may be fastened on with paste.
214. Weather Record
2 pieces India tint book paper 6"x9"
1 piece Black plain cover paper 3"x6"
1 piece Dark blue cover paper 3"x6"
1 piece White book paper 3"x6"
Paste Scissors, needle
a. Fold bottom to top b. Fold left to right c. Sew as in number 113 d. Cut standard weather flags from blue and black plain cover paper, and from white book paper e. Paste one of each kind of flag upon front cover cover
NOTE Save the extra flags for inside of book to indicate the weather for any given week or more. The proper flag for a day rnay be pasted in its proper square in the afternoon. Government flags iare displayed from 10:00 a. m. until sunset, to indicate the weather for the following day. The weather signals are as follows: White flagclear and fair weather Blue flagrain or snow Black triangular flagtemperature signal, indicating rising temperature when placed above another flag, and falling temperature when placed below White and blue striped flaglocal showers White flag with black square centercold wave
215. Receipt Book
1 piece Cover paper 6"x9"
2 pieces Bond paper 9"x12"
1 piece Binders' cloth 1"x9" 15"
Scissors, needle, pencil
a. Fold bond paper right to left, bottom to top, left to right b. Lay out and cut cover 5"x6 1/2" c. fold cover left to right d. Sew bond paper into cover, one section inside of the other e. Cut strip of binders' cloth 1 "x6" and glue on of book to cover sewing f. Letter the front cover
NOTE Stay tape may be used in place of the binders' cloth but it is a bit more clumsy, A more useful book may be made if three or four sheets of are used, making 48 or 64 pages
216. Note Book
1 piece Cover paper 6"x9"
2 pieces Manilla paper 9"x12" 24"
Scissors, needle, pencil
a. Fold manilla paper right to left, bottom to top, left to right b. Lay out and cut cover 5"x6 1/2", and fold as shown c. Sew the two sections of the book together starting above the center of one section, and following steps shown in cut, fastening ends with square knot d. Spread glue along inside crease of cover, one-half inch wide e. Press book into cover f. Write or print upon front cover
NOTE This is the first problem involving the sewing of sections together in book binding. The process has been simplified to the easiest steps possible. Problems following this have also been modified to suit conditions of the usual class room without extensive equipment.
217. Paged Blank Books
1 piece White book paper 9"x12"
1 piece Heavy cover paper 6"x9" 15"
Needle, scissors, pencil sheet
a. Letter sheet,A, B, C, D, as indicated in drawing b. Place sheet in position so that A B will be at top of paper and C D at the bottom c. Fold right to left d. Fold bottom to top e. Fold left to right f. Open sheet and place in original position,A B at the top g. Place numbers tor pages on front of sheet as indicated in the drawing h. Turn sheet over so that D is under upper left hand corner and write numbers as indicated in second drawing i. Fold sheet again in the same way that it: was first folded j. Cut cover 5"x6 1/2" and fold k. Insert folded sheet in cover, sew, and tie l. Tear leaves with paper knife or back of scissors
NOTE Sheet must be folded the same in "i" as it was in "c," "d," "e," or the paging will not be correct
DUODECIMO SIZE BLANK BOOK
1 piece Heavy cover paper 6"x9"
1 piece White book paper 9"x12" 15"
Needle, scissors, pencil
a. Place paper on desk with A B at bottom b. Fold bottom edge up two-thirds distance to top c. Fold top edge down to fold d. Fold right edge to left edge e. Fold bottom to top f. Unfold sheet and place in such a position that A is in the upper left hand corner, and B in the lower left hand corner g. Number pages as indicated in drawing h. Reverse sheet so that B will be under the upper left hand corner and A under the lower left hand corner i. Number pages on back of sheet as indicated in drawing j. Refold sheet in same manner as it was first folded k. Cut cover 4 1/2"x5" and fold l. Insert folded sheet in cover and sew as before
NOTE These problems furnish opportunity for the teacher to explain to the pupils how a book is printed, folded, sewed, trimmed, and bound. Booklets with 16, 18, 32, 36, or 48 pages may be worked out as supplementary problems. The printer usually prefers to fold into 8, 16, or 32 pages in order that the folding may be done iiom edge to edge. Some of the other foldings and pagings are given below. The stock for each book is 9"x12" and a cover is planned to allow 1/4" projection. A section of 16 pages may be made by folding R to L, T to B, M to C. The illustration shows the paging on both sides of the sheet, At the left is shown a single page and the open book in its cover.
A section of 24 pages may be made by folding R to L, M to T, B to C, L to T. This is a difficult fold and not often employed. A printer would more commonly use two sheets, one of 16 pages and one of 8 pages. A section of 32 pages may be made by folding B to T, R to L, M to K, J to K. This is as many pages as usually fold well together in a single section, although thin book paper may sometimes be folded into 64 pages or more in pamphlet work.
A section of 36 pages may be made by folding M to T, B to C, K to L, T to N, L to N. In place of this sized section it is more practical to fold two sections of 16 pages and one of 4 pages. The practice here in careful folding, however, is worth the attempt at 36 pages in school.
A section of 48 pages may be made by folding B to T, M to L, R to J, Jf to K, N to K.