Plate 16, 17, 18

Plate XVI.
Herzog Joh. Wilh. v. Sachsen) Jhena 1570.

Cassel, theol. clogm. poi. fol. 31.

Binding: Strong millboard covered with brown calf. 210, 328, 40 mm.
Sewing: 5 double cords. Headband blue-white. Edges gilt, with punched etched and painted scroll-work.
For the decoration three blocks were used. One, a large one, impressed all the bands up to the center, and was duplicated, so that the monogram H. W., which occurs right and left half way up, is once printed reversed. The bands formed by the swelling up of the leather when the contours and hatching were tooled in gold with this stamp have been painted with dull lacquer blue, white and red — and differently on each cover. The empty centre panel was then filled with the portrait of the Herzog Joh. Wilhelm on the front, and the Saxon coat of arms on the reverse cover. The panels of the back were also painted with diagonal bands in three colours.

Plate XVII.
BIBLIORUM pars I. Frankfurt a M. 1575.

Cassel, biblia lat. fol. 14.

Binding: Strong pasteboard covered with brown calf. 24o, 390, 45 mm.
Sewing: 4 double cords and 5 single cords with kettle-stitch : the single bands have also been used. Headband blue and red over rolls of paper on a strip of vellum. Edges gilt with punched scrolls, the leaves of which have been etched.
Decoration identical on both sides. Several series of skilfully interlaced scrollwork, bordered with gold, form a network over the whole cover: the scroll enclosing the 4 larger white compartments is pale blue, that round the angular red compartments is silvered. The compartments have been inlaid with thinly pared white leather, that in the angular ones was painted carmine red. The little circles in the knots of the scrolls have been painted vermilion direct on the leather. The ground is sprinkled red, bluish green, yellow and white; the interspaces powdered with gold dots. Delicate scrolls, terminating in gold powdered with gold dots. Delicate scrolls, terminating in gold leaves azure, run over the ground and pass through the borders Into the compartments, thus toning down the effect of the loud colours. The outer gold-bordered band is painted green. The bands on the back have diagonal stripes of gold (rope pattern!); the double bands have a centre line. The panels of the back are bordered with red and blue alternately, and bear 2 gold flowers. The edges of the boards have alternate long and diagonal gold lines, corresponding to the divisions of the bands.
The shield and the monogram, F(ridericus) P(alatinus) C(omes) show that the binding is the work of the Heidelberg court bindery, and was incorporated as a present in the collection of bibles formed at Cassel by Wilhelm IV.

Plate XVIII.

CONCORDIA, christliche wiederholte einmatige

Bekenntntis nachbenannter . . . Tiibingen 1580.

Cassel, hist. eccles. ref. fol. 4.

Binding: Strong pasteboard covered with calf. 210, 325, 6o mm. 6 double cords, kettle-stitch and headband worked in red and white on a strip of vellum. Strings. Edges gilt, punched and etched.
Decoration identical on both sides. The bands caused by the impression of the large block are painted with red, white and green lacquer. A small block has been clumsily impressed in the centre field. The reverse cover has another border roll, having a small shield with appended monogram HP between scrolls. The monogram appears alone on the front edge. The reverse cover was too much damaged to be photographed. The cartouches of this volume are often met with in identical or almost identical form; a fact which is easily intelligible on theory, Plate Xb, of cast duplicates and retouching by means , of the graver. I may adduce: 1, a beautiful white blind tooling V.Giessen X. 7171. Here the portrait of Herzog Christoph
Wartemberg is in the oval. The difference of the smooth oval border may be due to the engraving of the leaves on the latter, and the former may be the original. To the latter class belong: 2, Cassel, philos. gener. f. 41 2 ; 3, Marburg XIV c 532b; 4, Giessen S. 39, 883. No. 3 contains the entry : emptus Tubingae ao :605, which agrees with my theory that the tool was manufactured in Stuttgart.