Plate 25. 26, 27, 28

Plate XXV.

PHILOTHEI, Symbola christiana. Frankf. alM. 1677.
Cassel, Emblemata fol. 9. (H: lit. N. fol. 36, besides this 2 bound
and 6 unbound copies, none of which are any longer in Cassel).

Dedicated to Professor P. Hachenberg of Heidelberg.
Contains a number of quite dreadful emblems engraved in copper, with Latin verses appended. The pseudonym stands for the Pfalzgraf Carl, the founder of the new Court Library. This also accounts for the number of copies.

Binding: Millboard covered with bright leather. 360, 230,  20 mm.
Decoration : Gold-tooling: the detached ornaments in the  interstices of the bands, the pointed leaves and the 6 semicircles  on the inner side of the centre border are painted silver. The filigree rosettes have here been produced with a tool holding  only a sector, with which, of course, strictly speaking, only one  rosette (or a half or quarter) of definite diameter could be produced. Whole sets of them, probably of various patterns, must have been on hand in every well-equipped bindery. How they contrived, in purely mechanical manner, to turn out by hook or by crook rosettes of larger sizes, will be seen in a number of the following bindings. We should scarcely approve of such dodges now-a-days.


Plate XXVI.
L. BEGER thesaurus ex thesauro Palatino selectus
seu gemmarum ex numismatum Heidelberg 1685.
Cassel, Numismat. fol. 13.

The vignettes consist of beautiful views of the castle of Heidelberg. On the fly-leaf the autograph dedication: Serenissimo et potentissimo Principi ac Domino I Dn. Carob I Landgravio Bassiae I etc . . . . Augusto Eruditae Antiquitatis Aestimatori. ( Banc I Devotae Venerationis Suae Tesseram I qua Submission Fas est I offert Author.
Binding: Pasteboard covered with bright, smooth leather. 400, 25o, 5o mm.
The arrangement of the decoration is meagre and unpleasing, and the effect by no means corresponds to the labor expended on the gilding.

Plate XXVII.
L. BEGER, thesaurus Brandenburgicus .. gemmarum
et numismatum . . . . Coloniae Marchicae 1696.
Cassel, Numismat. fol.

Contains among other things some fine copper-plates with a bird’s eye view of Berlin, the Schloss and Cathedral, a view of the interior of the hall of gems &c.
On the fly-leaf a similar dedication to that of Plate XXVI:
Serenissimo … celsissimo Scientiarium Asylo I . . . pro Regio ante
Decennium Dono* … Tessarum offert Author.
Binding: Millboard covered with bright leather, 400, 255  5o mm. Smooth gilt edges.
Decoration: Roll border in filigree style; interlaced bands painted black, the panels filled alternately with filigree ornaments and natural flowers in vases. The ground powdered with gold rosettes. The finials of the filigree scrolls are tipped with con-ventional flowers, such as are also found on older and richer
examples of metal filigree work.

L. BEGER, L. Annaei Flori rer. rom. lib. II.
Coloniae Marchicae 1704.
Cassel, hist. Graec. et Rom. Fol. 26.
Manuscript decoration : Serenissimo .. principi . . . Carob
Hassiae L. . . . offert author. Friedericoburyi Marchicae 12. Aug. 1704.

End-papers and lining a blue-gold fancy paper of pretty pattern.
Binding: millboard covered with brown calf, 400, 250,  45 mm. Smooth gilt edges.
Decoration: as shown; the black bands forming elongated quatrefoils. The sprays of flowers are composed of detached curves and leaves. The quatrefoils are filled with a similar filigree work to the preceding volume. The general arrangement as an undeniable likeness to the gilt leather tapestries which were so popular just at that period, especially in Low German
districts. The phenomenon is not singular. The stimulus caused by the transfer of designs from one branch of industrial art to soother has generally been beneficial; in times of decay, indeed,  detrimental. Without claiming to be exhaustive, the following are some of the parallels we have observed: models for the ornamentation of books were, in the 15th century, the metallic style with engraved and chased plates (blind tooling and scored
work); in the loth, the intarsia (Maiolii Grolier); in the 17th, the filigree (le Gascon-Heidelberg style); at the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th, the tapestry style, in the 18th, the lace style.

*) He received this royal present for his exertions in connection with the
ieidelberg Library.